150 years ago the nation was divided in a terrible conflict that killed and maimed more Americans that all other wars that the country has been involved in its entire history. The peaceful green farms and mills in the Herring Run Valley, which was then part of Baltimore County, was a rural countryside then. It must have seemed far away from the cruel war fought over intractable sectional differences about slavery. Maryland was a slave state with divided opinion with area differences even within. http://www.prattlibrary.org/uploadedFiles/www/locations/central/maryland/md_cw_complete.pdf
But as now Baltimore County was a mix of other regions. Even then, the Lauraville area had some diversity seen in census records with many German families recently naturalized perhaps fleeing political wars, some names sounding of the British Isles and at least 2 free African Americans are listed in the September 1863 Civil War Draft Records recorded by Provost Marshall Robert Cathcart. John List from Germany was a 41 yr. old Shoemaker listed on anscestry.com* and his family settled here up to the 1940 census when their trade was a pickle factory on Grindon Ave not far from the Immanuel Lutheran Cemetery where the List Family burial plot is a few blocks from the street named for them as it crossed the List farm.
Like Joshua Johnson, an African American a 43 year old Lauraville Farmer, being drafted might have meant service in a nearby State Militia guarding trains or the Capital or might have drafted you into a MD Regiment sent to a further area of combat.
The draft in the North was passed by Congress in the” ‘Enrollment Act of 1863 on March 3, 1863(one year after the Confederacy had done so) and met fierce resistance including acts of violence, attempts to run away and self-mutilation. The fact that for $300 a substitute draftee could be purchased for those who could afford this further aggravated the controversy and is said to have harmed the morale of volunteer forces.**
What were the feelings of the past Lauravillians is not known but it is interesting to note that, unlike areas of Baltimore City or elsewhere in Baltimore County, all listed for Lauraville seemed to be very near the age of 40 or older- not young in that time. One can guess if this is because younger men had volunteered for the Union cause as many German farmers already since often they were known to be pro-Union. Or, it is possible that a fair share of younger men had gone South to join one of the Confederate MD units as occurred in other parts of the State. Perhaps the resistance for many reasons to the draft caused some to run away and skewed the age of the Lauraville draftees. It is less possible that the population was somehow older or had a tendency to have female children.
Still, it must have been an anxious time to be called for a military duty with the possibility of family at home trying to live and run a farm in your absence. Maryland had been invaded by a large Confederate Army in September of 1862 during the Antietam Campaign. The Emancipation Proclamation was issued soon after that battle. Again the north was invaded via MD to Gettysburg in July 1863 and then the Draft in response to dwindling volunteers. What waited ahead for those who were here before us they did not yet know.
Lauraville List of Civil War Draftees July 1863 2nd Congressional District
Name Age Yr. of Birth Where Born Occupation
Henry Bosh 36 1827 Germany Laborer
Herman Black 37 1826 MD Farmer
John Carmrod 37 1825 Germany Confectionary
John Fry 44 1819 Germany Laborer
Eli Gambrill 42 1821 MD Farmer
Joseph Hofsletter 41 1822 Germany Gardener
Upton Hammond(AA) 44 1819 MD Farmhand
John List 41 1822 Germany Shoemaker
Buried in Imm.Cem.
Henry Mohr 41 1822 Germany Teamster
William Magleable 43 1820 MD Laborer
George Phinfcase 44 1819 Germany Farmer
John Snyder 44 1819 Germany Locksmith
John Snyder Jr. 37 1826 Germany Farmer
Joseph Snyder 40 1823 “ “
Schaeffer Sunn 43 1820 Germany Laborer
John Shutman 40 1823 Germany Gardener
John T Thompson 43 1820 MD Tailor
Thomas Ware 41 1822 MD Storekeeper
Christian Willich 44 1819 Germany Laborer
Joshua Johnson (AA) 43 1820 Pennsylvania Farmer
If anyone has information about that can help research about any of these names please contact LIA Historians.